The four sons of Cheng Sam Bow and Mrs Minnie Bow of Rocky River

Sam Bow’s store at Rocky River. Image courtesy of Janice Wilton, Heritage Futures Database project supported by the Heritage Futures Research Centre, University of New England, Armidale, 2009.
Sam Bow’s store at Rocky River. Image courtesy of Janice Wilton, Heritage Futures Database project supported by the Heritage Futures Research Centre, University of New England, Armidale, 2009.

Leslie Alan Bow (1903 – 1983)

Leslie Alan Bow was born in Uralla in 1903. His parents’ names at the time of his birth appear in the New South Wales Births, Deaths and Marriages online index as Sam and Minnie Bow.[1] Leslie was the eldest of five boys born to Sam and Minnie, of whom only four survived to adulthood. He married Queensland-born Ching Choy Lan, then known as “Jessie” Ching Sum, at Uralla in 1929, a year after the death of his mother, Minnie in 1928.[2], [3] Choy Lan Bow née Ching then appears to have adopted this westernised first name, “Jessie”, for most of her adult life, reverting to her Chinese given name only at the time of her death in 1999. Accordingly, she will be referred to throughout as “Jessie Bow.”[4]

At the time of Minnie Bow’s death, an obituary was published in The Uralla Times.[5] It states that Minnie had four surviving sons, three of whom, Gilbert, Wallace, and Herbert, lived at Uralla. Leslie, her eldest son, is reported as then residing at Wallangarra.[6] Wallangarra was, at that time, a busy railway town straddling the state border of northeast New South Wales and southeast Queensland.[7] Throughout his adult life, Leslie appears to have been highly geographically mobile. Before the 1928 reference in his mother’s obituary to him living at Wallangarra, a notice had appeared in Murwillumbah’s Tweed Daily in 1926. The notice refers to him as “Leslie Alan Bow, Storekeeper, Tumbulgum”.[8]  Leslie and Jessie’s marriage spanned 54 years, during which they lived and worked in many diverse New South Wales and Queensland locations.  

In 1930, Leslie was twice listed as a storekeeper in the electoral rolls for both the New England towns of Uralla and Manilla. Jessie was not listed.[9] By 1931, there were electoral roll listings for both Leslie and his wife Jessie at Manilla. From then on, neither ever appears again in the electoral roll for Uralla.[10] In 1930, according to a 1931 article in The Uralla Times, Leslie sold his interest in S. Bow and sons Uralla to his younger brother, Gilbert.[11] The electoral rolls then show Leslie and Jessie Bow living and running their store in Manilla through to the mid-1930s.[12] During their years at Manilla, three children were born to them: Margaret June Bow (1930 – 2022), Joyce Elizabeth Bow (1931 – 2017) and Leslie Raymond Bow (1933 – 1952). 

In or after 1935, the family left Manilla, moved over the New South Wales border and into southwest Queensland. There are Queensland electoral roll entries for Leslie and Jessie living at Goondiwindi, Maranoa, Queensland, between 1936 and 1941.[13] Leslie’s occupation appears in those not as a storekeeper, as he previously appeared in Uralla and Manilla, but as a shop assistant.[14] Jessie Bow was Queensland-born.[15] Thus, it might be reasonable to assume that a business opportunity arising from a family connection of Jessie’s might have been a motivating factor in the couple’s move from New South Wales to Queensland.

Following the sudden death of the second of Sam and Minnie Bow’s sons, Gilbert Bow, at Walgett in 1941, Leslie and Jessie left Queensland, moved back to New South Wales, and settled in Walgett.[16] Gilbert Bow and the fourth Bow brother, Herbert, had lived and worked at Walgett until Gilbert’s 1941 death. It is not yet entirely clear for how long this arrangement between Gilbert and Herbert had stood; however, the same 1931 Uralla Times article that mentions the sale of Leslie’s share of the Uralla store also states the following: “There were firms under the name of S. Bow & Sons trading in Uralla, Manilla, Armidale, Walcha, and Guyra”.[17] From this, we can see that the sons of Sam and Minnie Bow had business interests in many of the New England North West towns.

Sadly, the early death of their brother Gilbert in 1941 was not the only tragedy to strike the Bow family at Walgett. In February 1952, Leslie and Jessie’s son, Leslie Raymond Bow, tragically drowned in the nearby Barwon River, aged only 18 years.[18] He is buried in Walgett cemetery, as is his uncle, Gilbert.[19] By 1953, only the first and third Bow brothers, Leslie and Herbert, appear in the electoral roll as storekeepers in Walgett.[20] Despite enduring more than their fair share of tragedy in their personal lives, business in Walgett appears to have subsequently prospered for them. 

In the late 1950s, Jessie and Leslie Bow left Walgett and moved to Sydney. Between 1958 and 1980, we can see from the New South Wales electoral rolls that they ran stores in the Sydney suburbs of Leichardt and Peakhurst, with Leslie working well into his late 70s.[21] Leslie and Jessie Bow lived long and prosperous lives. Leslie passed away aged 80 years in 1983, and Jessie at 93 years in 1999.[22]

Gilbert Cecil Bow (1904 -1941)

Gilbert Cecil Bow was the second son of Sam Bow and Minnie Bow. His birth was registered at Uralla in 1904.[23] Gilbert appears as a storekeeper’s assistant at Rocky River in the New South Wales electoral roll for New England, Subdivision of Uralla, in 1930.[24] His brothers, Leslie, Wallace, and Herbert, are also listed in the 1930 roll at Rocky River and Uralla. All four brothers appear to be working in various capacities in the family store S. Bow and Sons at Uralla that year, with only the eldest brother, Leslie, listed as a storekeeper.[25]

During 1931 and 1932, Gilbert appears in the electoral rolls as a storekeeper in his own right at Manilla. Leslie also appears as a storekeeper at Manilla in 1921 and 1932. So, Leslie and Gilbert managed S. Bow and Sons Manilla store jointly by 1931 and into 1932.[26] After 1932, Gilbert’s name never appears in any later electoral roll. However, an article in The Inverell Times on 5 January 1934 identifies ” … Mr Gilbert Bow” as the owner of the general store S. Bow and sons at Uralla when a disastrous fire destroyed the entire store and stock during the night of 2 January 1934.[27] In an enquiry held that same month, the Coroner declared an “open verdict”, and The Armidale Express and New England General Advertiser of Friday, 19 January 1934 reported, “that the persons conducting the business were in no way responsible for the explosion or the fire”. [28]

Gilbert never officially married and appears from the records of Births, Deaths, and Marriages to have had no issue within New South Wales. His life was cut tragically short at age 36 years. Sadly, and in hindsight surely unnecessarily, he passed away at Walgett on 31 May 1941, where S. Bow and Sons also had a general store. [29] The Coroner determined that Gilbert’s cause of death was suicide.[30] Notices in The Commonwealth Gazette in 1941 indicate that bankruptcy may have contributed to his cause of death.

As mentioned above, in the section on the eldest Bow brother, Leslie, after Gilbert’s death, Leslie and his family returned from living and working in Queensland and settled in Walgett.[31] The youngest of the Bow brothers, Herbert and his wife, Grace, are both recorded in the electoral rolls as living and working in Walgett from 1935 until at least 1963.[32] We will learn more about Herbert and Grace Bow later; however, Leslie, Herbert and their families continued managing and working in the Walgett store together for many years following Gilbert’s death.[33]

Four issues of The Commonwealth Gazette dated 25 September 1941, 23 October 1941, 13 December 1945, and 4 January 1946 indicate that Gilbert’s debts to his creditors were repaid in instalments by his brothers and their families after his bankruptcy and subsequent death.[34] This diligence on the part of the Bow brothers and their wives may be a measure of the example that their father, Cheng Sam Bow, had set for his children concerning probity in business.

Wallace Stanford Bow (1905 – 1982)

Third son, Wallace Stanford Bow, was born in 1905 in Uralla.[35] In the intervening year between the death of his father, Sam Bow (1926), and that of his mother, Minnie Bow (1928), He married Elizabeth Hogbin (1904 – 1982) at Inverell.[36] Wallace and the fourth Bow brother, Herbert, had had a remarkable adolescence. According to two articles in local newspapers, published on 15 January 1921 and 27 April 1923, respectively, Wallace and his younger brother Herbert Bow spent two years at school in China during their mid-teens.[37], [38] At present, little is known of this time in their lives other than that they went to China and returned to Uralla two years later, but this would make an interesting topic for further research.  

In 1930, Wallace was listed in the electoral roll at Uralla with the occupation of a draper.[39] 1930 was also the year Wallace and Elizabeth’s son, Jefferey Wallace Bow (1930 – 1981), was born.[40] Subsequent electoral roll entries for 1932 and 1934 indicate that Wallace and Elizabeth lived and worked in Uralla until the January 1934 fire destroyed the premises and stock of S. Bow and sons at Uralla.[41] 

On 19 January 1934, The Armidale Express and New England General Advertiser quotes Wallace Bow stating that after his mother died in 1928, he received money and that his brother Gilbert “received the Uralla premises”.[42] According to the same article, Wallace later “bought out his brothers’ share” of the Uralla store.[43] Wallace is then quoted saying he “would be at a loss [due to] the fire as he had put the whole of his share of his mother’s will into the premises”.[44]

Nevertheless, despite the apparent financial ruin of the 1934 Uralla fire, by 1935, the electoral roll shows that Wallace and Elizabeth Bow had moved to the eastern suburbs of Sydney, where they lived at Alison Road in Randwick.[45] Wallace’s occupation is listed in the 1935 roll as a storekeeper.[46] Evidence from subsequent electoral rolls continues to show Wallace’s occupation as a storekeeper in the eastern suburbs of Sydney from the mid-1930s through many decades to follow.[47] In the 1980 electoral roll, at 75 years of age, Wallace Bow is listed as a storekeeper at Paddington in Sydney.[48]Like his eldest brother Leslie, who had also moved to Sydney and opened his own store in Sydney’s inner west in 1958, Wallace Bow appears to have been a diligent worker and skilled businessman who continued working well into his older years. He died in 1982 in Sydney at age 77.[49] His wife, Elizabeth, survived him by just a few months. She also passed away in Sydney in December of the same year, 1982.[50]

Herbert Clarence Bow (1907 – 1993)

Herbert Clarence Bow was the fourth and second youngest son of Sam and Minnie Bow of Rocky River. His birth was registered at Uralla in 1907.[51] The birth of a fifth, much younger son, Phillip Bow, was also registered by Sam and Minnie Bow at Uralla in 1913.[52] Sadly, however, Phillip Bow passed away from diphtheria while still a child. His death was registered at Armidale in May 1920.[53], [54] His brother, Herbert, would have been only thirteen years old himself at this time of tragedy for the family.

Shortly after the death of little Phillip, Sam and Minnie Bow took the courageous step in January 1921 of sending their two remaining youngest sons, Wallace, sixteen, and Herbert, fourteen, to China for two years of schooling. [55] As mentioned above in the section on Wallace Bow, little is known of this time in the brothers’ lives. However, it might be assumed that the travel and the time away together in China possibly made them very close. In 1929 Herbert Bow married Grace Hogbin at Walgett.[56] Grace was the sister of his brother Wallace’s wife, Elizabeth née Hogbin. Wallace and Elizabeth had married at Inverell in 1927.

In the year following his marriage to Grace at Walgett, Herbert appeared in the 1930 electoral roll as living and working at Uralla.[57] There was no entry for Grace for that year. Herbert’s occupation at Uralla was listed as a shop assistant.[58] Not long afterwards, Herbert and Grace left Uralla. The 1931, 1932, 1934 and 1935 electoral rolls place them in Bradley Street, Guyra, where Wallace was listed as a storekeeper.[59] His occupation in the electoral rolls for those years was listed as a storekeeper. However, Herbert is quoted in a 1931 article in The Uralla Times as stating that, although he had provided the capital for the purchase of the Guyra premises, he was not a partner in S. Bow and Sons Guyra venture.[60] Herbert is further quoted as stating that the registered partners in S. Bow and sons Guyra business were his wife, Mrs G Bow, and Mr William See Lun.[61] The same Uralla Times article also indicates that, at that time, “There were firms under the name of S. Bow & Sons trading in Uralla, Manilla, Armidale, Walcha, and Guyra”.[62]

Between 1930 and 1934, two sons were born to Herbert and Grace. They were Phillip Herbert Bow (1930 – 2015) and Clarence Ronald Bow (1934 – 1999). It is likely that Phillip was born at Uralla and that Clarence was born while Herbert and Grace were living in Guyra.

By 1936, Herbert and Grace Bow were living in Fox Street, Walgett.[63] Herbert’s occupation was again listed as a storekeeper.[64]Although there were no other Walgett listings for the surname “Bow” that year, we might speculate that elder brother Gilbert (1904 – 1941) may have been living and working in Walgett at S. Bow and sons together with Herbert. Gilbert may never have re-registered on the electoral roll after leaving Manilla in or about 1932. Herbert and Grace’s life in Walgett with their two sons, Phillip, and Clarence, appears to have been a very settled one, with subsequent electoral roll entries for them there in 1943, 1953, 1958 and 1963.[65]

During the early 1970s, Herbert and Grace left Walgett and moved to the Sydney suburb of Sefton where they kept a store that also contained a post office agency. [66] Herbert’s occupation at Sefton was listed in the electoral rolls as a postmaster.[67] Grace, his wife, was listed as a postal assistant at Sefton.[68] They were both sixty-three years old at the time. Both had retired by the time they were seventy and were listed in the 1977 and 1980 electoral rolls as living in the Sydney suburb of Green Valley.[70]

By 1972, both of Grace and Herbert’s sons, Phillip Bow and Clarence Bow married.[71] It appears from the electoral rolls that Phillip and his family also moved to the western suburbs of Sydney at or around the same time as Grace and Herbert.[72] Philip continued the established Bow family tradition of working in the retail sector.[73] Phillip’s brother, Clarence Bow, and his family appear to have stayed in Walgett when his parents, brother and sister-in-law moved to Sydney.[74] Clarence was listed in electoral rolls for Walgett as a shop assistant during the 1950s and 1960s.[75] However, by 1968, Clarence appeared as a haulage contractor, so we can assume that by the late 1960s, Clarence desired a change and started his own business in Walgett in a field different from the Bow tradition.[76] In any case, Clarence appears to have been a lifelong member of the Walgett community. He is buried in Walgett cemetery along with his uncle Gilbert Bow and his cousin Raymond Bow.[77]

Family histories are never truly completed. This one is no exception. Sam and Minnie Bow of Rocky River had numerous descendants, not only through their four eldest sons discussed above. They also had two daughters, Edith Bow (1902 – 2002) and Lynda Margaret Bow (1910 – 2004), both of whom married and had descendants. Edith and Lynda’s stories are fascinating in their own right and will be the subject of another separate blog post. There are many more descendants of Sam and Minnie Bow than have been mentioned here, but for privacy reasons, we have neither researched nor written about descendants who may still be living. Our Chinese Past would be delighted to hear from living descendants. We also welcome corrections to what is written above, as well as any copies of photographs, news stories, or anecdotes about any of the various business ventures of S. Bow and Sons and all those connected with them. Comments can be left below, or please email us at ourchinesepast@gmail.com


[1] Online index entry for Leslie Bow, born 1903, Registrar of Births, Deaths, and Marriages New South Wales, 7658/1903.

[2] Online index entry for Leslie Bow and Jessie Ching Sum, Registrar of Births, Deaths, and Marriages New South Wales, 13491/1929.

[3] Online index entry for Minnie Bow, Registrar of Births, Deaths and Marriages New South Wales, 15155/1928.

[4] Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., Australia and New Zealand, Find A Grave Index, 1800s-Current, Choy Lan Bow died 1 March 1999.

[5] “MRS. BOW.” The Uralla Times (NSW: 1923 – 1954),19 July 1928: p. 2, <http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article174795698>.

[6] Uralla Times ibid.

[7] Queensland Government (2023), Queensland Heritage Register, “Wallangarra railway station and complex”, https://apps.des.qld.gov.au/heritage-register/detail/?id=601242

[8] “Advertising” Tweed Daily (Murwillumbah, NSW: 1914 – 1949) 22 May 1926, p. 1, http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article191233500.

[9] Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., New South Wales Electoral Rolls 1903 – 1980. Provo, UT, USA (2010), Original data: Australian Electoral Commission; Canberra, Australia; Electoral Rolls.

[10] Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., ibid.

[11] “Guyra Fire.” The Uralla Times (NSW: 1923 – 1954), 7 May 1931, p. 2., http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article175181341

[12] Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., ibid.

[13] Ancestry.com Operations Inc., Queensland Australia, Commonwealth Electoral Rolls, 1903-1980, Provo, UT, USA (2010), Original data: Australian Electoral Commission; Canberra, Australia; Electoral Rolls.

[14] Ancestry.com Operations Inc., ibid.

[15] Online index entry for Ching Choy Lan Sum, born 1907, Registrar of Births, Deaths, and Marriages the State of Queensland, 1907/C/463.

[16] Online index entry for Gilbert Bow, died 1941, Registrar of Births, Deaths and Marriages New South Wales, 9476/1941.

[17] “Guyra Fire.” The Uralla Times (NSW: 1923 – 1954), 7 May 1931, p. 2., http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article175181341

[18] “Youth Drowned” The Uralla Times (NSW: 1923 – 1954) 7 February 1952, p. 5. <http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article175992472>.

[19] Walgett Cemetery Burial Listing, Walgett Shire Council, 2008, entries for Clarence Ronald Bow, Gilbert Cecil Bow and Raymond Leslie Bow.

[20] Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., New South Wales Electoral Rolls 1903 – 1980. Provo, UT, USA (2010), Original data: Australian Electoral Commission; Canberra, Australia; Electoral Rolls.

[21] Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., New South Wales Electoral Rolls 1903 – 1980. Provo, UT, USA (2010), Original data: Australian Electoral Commission; Canberra, Australia; Electoral Rolls.

[22] Online index entry for Leslie Bow, died 1983, Registrar of Births, Deaths, and Marriages New South Wales, 2599/1983; Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., Australia and New Zealand, Find A Grave Index, 1800s-Current, Choy Lan Bow died 1 March 1999.

[23] Online index entry for Gilbert Bow, born 1904, Registrar of Births, Deaths, and Marriages New South Wales, 27432/1904.

[24] Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., New South Wales Electoral Rolls 1903 – 1980. Provo, UT, USA (2010), Original data: Australian Electoral Commission; Canberra, Australia; Electoral Rolls.

[25] Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., ibid.

[26] Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., ibid.

[27] “Township Rocked” The Inverell Times (NSW: 1899 – 1907, 1909 – 1954) 5 January 1934, p. 7, <http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article185150534>.

[28] “Not the Slightest Suspicion” The Armidale Express and New England General Advertiser (NSW: 1856 – 1861; 1863 – 1889; 1891 – 1954) 19 January 1934, p. 7. <http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article192905694>.

[29] Online index entry for Gilbert Bow, died 1941, Registrar of Births, Deaths, and Marriages New South Wales, 9476/1941.

[30] New South Wales, Australia, Registers of Coroners’ Inquests, 1821-1937, State Archives NSW; Series: 2769; Item: 3/961; Roll: 343.

[31] Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., New South Wales Electoral Rolls 1903 – 1980. Provo, UT, USA (2010), Original data: Australian Electoral Commission; Canberra, Australia; Electoral Rolls.

[32] Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., ibid.

[33] Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., ibid.

[34] “Notice of Dividend.” Commonwealth of Australia Gazette (National: 1901 – 1973) 25 September 1941, p. 2180. http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article232129253; “Notice of Dividend.” Commonwealth of Australia Gazette (National: 1901 – 1973) 23 October 1941, p. 2361. http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article232129680; “Notice of Intention to Declare Dividend.” Commonwealth of Australia Gazette (National: 1901 – 1973) 13 December 194, p. 2698. http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article232766188; “Notice of Declaration of Dividend.” Commonwealth of Australia Gazette (National: 1901 – 1973) 4 January 1946, p. 24., http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article232779348

[35] Online index entry for Wallace Bow, born 1905, Registrar of Births, Deaths, and Marriages New South Wales, 38471/1905.

[36] Online index entry for Wallace Bow and Elizabeth Hogbin, Registrar of Births, Deaths, and Marriages New South Wales, 17597/1927.

[37] The Armidale Chronicle (NSW: 1894 – 1929), Saturday 15 January 1921, p. 3. “Masters Wallace and Herbert Bow, sons of Mr. Sam Bow, of the Rocky, sail about the 15th instant for China.”, http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article189316968.

[38] The Armidale Express and New England General Advertiser (NSW: 1856 – 1861; 1863 – 1889; 1891 – 1954), Friday 27 April 1923, p, 10. “Herbert and Wallace Bow, who for the past two years have been at school in China, returned by the Chang Sha …”.

[39] Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., New South Wales Electoral Rolls 1903 – 1980. Provo, UT, USA (2010), Original data: Australian Electoral Commission; Canberra, Australia; Electoral Rolls.

[40] Online index entry for Jefferey Bow, died 1981, Registrar of Births, Deaths, and Marriages New South Wales, 13448/1981.

[41] Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., New South Wales Electoral Rolls 1903 – 1980. Provo, UT, USA (2010), Original data: Australian Electoral Commission; Canberra, Australia; Electoral Rolls.

[42] “Not the Slightest Suspicion” The Armidale Express and New England General Advertiser (NSW: 1856 – 1861; 1863 – 1889; 1891 – 1954) 19 January 1934, p. 7. <http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article192905694>.

[43] The Armidale Express and New England General Advertiser, ibid.

[44] The Armidale Express and New England General Advertiser, ibid.

[45] Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., New South Wales Electoral Rolls 1903 – 1980. Provo, UT, USA (2010), Original data: Australian Electoral Commission; Canberra, Australia; Electoral Rolls.

[46] Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., ibid.

[47] Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., ibid.

[48] Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., ibid.

[49] Online index entry for Wallace Bow, died 1982, Registrar of Births, Deaths, and Marriages New South Wales, 17825/1982.

[50] Online index entry for Elizabeth Bow, died December 1982, Registrar of Births, Deaths, and Marriages New South Wales, 466/1983.

[51] Online index entry for Herbert Bow, born 1907, Registrar of Births, Deaths, and Marriages New South Wales, 29912/1907.

[52] Online index entry for Phillip Bow, born 1913, Registrar of Births, Deaths, and Marriages New South Wales, 22996/1913.

[53] Online index entry for Phillip Bow, died 1920, Registrar of Births, Deaths, and Marriages New South Wales, 7779/1920.

[54] “Obituary.” The Uralla Times and District Advocate (NSW: 1915 – 1923) 15 May 1920, p. 2. http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article179805790.

[55] [55] The Armidale Chronicle (NSW: 1894 – 1929), Saturday 15 January 1921, p. 3. “Masters Wallace and Herbert Bow, sons of Mr. Sam Bow, of the Rocky, sail about the 15th instant for China.”, http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article189316968.

[56] Online index entry for Herbert Bow and Grace Hogbin, Registrar of Births, Deaths, and Marriages New South Wales, 13519/1929.

[57] Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., New South Wales Electoral Rolls 1903 – 1980. Provo, UT, USA (2010), Original data: Australian Electoral Commission; Canberra, Australia; Electoral Rolls.

[58] Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., ibid.

[59] Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., ibid.

[60] “Guyra Fire.” The Uralla Times (NSW: 1923 – 1954), 7 May 1931, p. 2., http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article175181341

[61] The Uralla Times, ibid.

[62] The Uralla Times, ibid.

[63] Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., ibid.

[64] Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., ibid.

[65] Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., ibid.

[66] Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., ibid.

[67] Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., ibid.

[68] Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., ibid.

[69] Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., ibid.

[70] Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., ibid.

[71] Online index entry for Phillip Bow and Evelyn Cross, Registrar of Births, Deaths, and Marriages New South Wales, 28687/1949; Online index entry for Clarence Bow and Margaret Trindall, Registrar of Births, Deaths, and Marriages New South Wales, 12920/1959.

[72] Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., ibid.

[73] Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., ibid.

[74] Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., ibid.

[75] Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., ibid.

[76] Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., ibid.

[77] Walgett Cemetery Burial Listing, Walgett Shire Council, 2008, entries for Clarence Ronald Bow, Gilbert Cecil Bow and Raymond Leslie Bow.